Mellifera 12.1 Released

About a month ago, we published Mellifera 12 which brought numerous features such as mini-reports on the observable page, custom fields, alert similarity or template selection during alert imports.

Great, palatable recipes, even if they are cooked by fine French chefs, need to be refined over time and may not be as savoury as intended when they are served in their early days. Quality takes time, although smokeware vendors would have you think otherwise.

Mellifera 12.1 (TheHive 2.12.1) has been released to fix a number of outstanding bugs:

  • #249: renaming of users does not work
  • #254: TheHive does not send the file’s name when communicating with Cortex
  • #255: merging an alert into an existing case does not merge the alert description into the case’s description
  • #257: while TheHive does not let you add multiple attachments to a single task log, the UI makes you believe otherwise
  • #259: fix an API inconsistency. GET /api/case/task/:id/log has been fixed.
    And a new API call POST /api/case/task/:taskId/log/_search  has been added, which accepts a “query” in the request body to filter logs of the task.
  • #268: cannot create an alert if the IOC field is set for a single alert’s attribute.
  • #269: closing a case with an open task does not dismiss it from ‘My Tasks’.

This new minor release adds the following enhancements:

  • #267: fix warnings in the DEB package.
  • #272: in alert preview, similar cases are shown regardless of their status. Merged or deleted ones should not appear in that list.

How About the Test VM?

The test VM has not been updated yet. It still contains Mellifera 12 (TheHive 2.12.0). We will update it in September, probably when Mellifera 13 is released. That version will bring the ability to export cases as MISP events.

Download & Get Down to Work

If you have an existing installation of TheHive, please follow the migration guide.

If you are performing a fresh installation, read the installation guide corresponding to your needs and enjoy. Please note that you can install TheHive using an RPM or DEB package, use Docker, install it from a binary or build it from sources.

Support

Something does not work as expected? You have troubles installing or upgrading? No worries, please join our  user forum, contact us on Gitter, or send us an email at support@thehive-project.org. We are here to help.

Train till you Drain: TheHive & Cortex VM

Rejoice folks! You can now play with TheHive & Cortex thanks to the test VM we created. It includes Mellifera 12, the latest major version of TheHive, Cortex 1.1.3, the latest Cortex analyzers with all dependencies and ElasticSearch installed on top of Ubuntu 16.04 with Oracle JRE 8.

The test VM is intended to be used… well… for testing or training purposes. We strongly encourage you to refrain from using it for production.

Get It

You can download the VM from the following location:

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B3G-Due88gfQYWR6WVlkLWhRemM/view?usp=sharing

To ensure that your download went through nicely, check the file’s SHA256 hash which must be equal to the following value:

17df5989d852583e3046daefb97caadff90d30ecf4402df69cf6036d7ad1cacd

The system’s login is thehive and the associated password is thehive1234.

Use It

You can start using TheHive & Cortex once the VM is started. To access TheHive, point your browser to the following URL:

http://IP_OF_VM:9000

For Cortex, the port is 9999:

http://IP_OF_VM:9999

Configure TheHive

The first time you access TheHive, you’ll need to create the associated database by clicking on the Update Database button as shown below:

Screen_Shot_2017-07-06_at_21_52_46.png
Update TheHive’s Database on First Access

TheHive’s configuration file is located in /etc/thehive/application.conf. For additional configuration, read the docs.

Cortex

TheHive is already configured to use the local Cortex service.

Analyzer and Associated Report Templates

To fully benefit from the analyzers, you should install the associated report templates:

  • download the report template package
  • log in TheHive using an administrator account
  • go to Admin > Report templates menu
  • click on Import templates button and select the downloaded package
Plug it with MISP

The test VM does not contain a MISP instance and none is configured in TheHive’s configuration file.  To play with MISP, you may want to use the VM our good friends at CIRCL provide.  Once you’ve downloaded it or if you have an existing instance, edit /etc/thehive/application.conf and follow the configuration guide.

Restart or Go Mad

After each modification of /etc/thehive/application.conf do not forget to restart the service:

$ sudo service thehive restart

Troubles?

TheHive service logs are located in /var/log/thehive/application.log.

Configure Cortex

All available analyzers are installed with their dependencies, but none is configured. To configure analyzers, edit /etc/cortex/application.conf and follow the configuration guide.

Restart or Go Mad

After each modification of /etc/cortex/application.conf do not forget to restart the service:

$ sudo service cortex restart
Troubles?

Cortex service logs are located in /var/log/cortex/application.log.

Need Help?

Something does not work as expected? No worries, we got you covered. Please join our  user forum, contact us on Gitter, or send us an email at support@thehive-project.org. We are here to help.

 

Correction: July 8, 2017 
An earlier version of this post offered to download the VM from Dropbox but they suspended the associated link due to seemingly heavy traffic. The post was updated to replace the Dropbox link with a Google Drive one.

Mellifera 12: The MAGA Edition

TheHive Project French Chefs are very happy to announce Mellifera 12, a brand new, all shiny, major version of TheHive.

This MAGA (Make Analysis Great Again) edition of your (soon to be?) favorite Security Incident Response Platform (SIRP) contains an awful lot of changes and improvements. While you can read the full changelog while waiting in line for your burger at HopDoddy or for your turn for the latest Disney attraction, we’d like to concentrate on a few features that would make you enjoy Digital Forensics & Incident Response like never before 🙂

Go Short or Go North

The Observables tab can now display the short (a.k.a. mini) reports produced by analyzers. Whenever you run an analysis (or many), the mini-reports will be shown as soon as the corresponding analyzer jobs have successfully finished. That way, you no longer have to click on each observable to access the short report.

sc-Mellifera12-#131.png
Short Reports shown on the Observables Tab

In fact, you don’t even have to click on the observable to access the long reports. You must simply click on the corresponding short report and the long one will be displayed on top of the observables tab as shown in the following screencast. Ain’t that nifty?

 

sc-Mellifera12-#191-2.png
A Single Click on the Short Report Shows the Long One

The short reports have been also improved to follow a taxonomy. To get to this stage, we had to review all 24 analyzers and their flavors, add new functionality to the CortexUtils Python library and improve the analyzers to add a summary section to their JSON output which Mellifera 12 interprets and displays according to a color code as described in our previous post. Please make sure to read it as it contains important information on how to update your cortexutils version and the analyzers as well as the report templates.

Is This Alert New or What?

Mellifera 12 introduces an important feature pertaining to alerts. To put it simply, whenever you receive a new alert from MISP, email, SIEM or any other source that you have connected with TheHive, the alert preview page will tell you if there are similarities with existing cases and if so, Mellifera 12 will let you import the new alert in the existing case and any updates made to that alert (think of an ongoing MISP event) will be automatically added to the case.

sc-mellifera12-#232.png
Alert Preview Page with the new Similar cases Section

Template this, Template that

In addition to the ‘similarity’ feature outlined above, Mellifera 12 lets you choose the case template to use when importing a new alert instead of having to use only a specific case template per alert type/source.

sc-mellifera12-#232-2.png
Choose the Template You’d Like to Use to Import an Alert

Custom Fields

We heard our community and implemented a feature that was requested by several users: custom fields.

So you’d like to add a business impact to a specific type of cases? Or a set of TTPs? Or a Threat Actor? Or specify a Business Unit? No problem! Ask an admin to create a custom field, associate it with a case template and there you go.

sc-mellifera12-#12-customfields2.png
Add a Custom Field

Unlike metrics, custom fields must not be filled to close a case. You can also supercharge a case with custom fields that have not been associated to a case template. We currently support four types of custom fields: strings, numbers, booleans and dates. And you can create lists of acceptable values to limit your analysts’ choices to legitimate data.

Other New Features

Mellifera 12 gives you the ability to reopen closed tasks. And when viewing the related cases tab of the current case, you’ll see the resolution status of the ones that were closed (false positive, true positive, indeterminate). External links will also be opened in a new tab.  Moreover, files included in alerts are no longer limited to 32 KB so you have no longer an excuse to avoid sending user email reports with their attachments to TheHive 😉

Download & Get Down to Work

If you have an existing installation of TheHive, please follow the migration guide.

If you are performing a fresh installation, read the installation guide corresponding to your needs and enjoy. Please note that you can install TheHive using an RPM or DEB package, use Docker, install it from a binary or build it from sources.

Support

Something does not work as expected? You have troubles installing or upgrading? No worries, please join our  user forum, contact us on Gitter, or send us an email at support@thehive-project.org. We are here to help.

All Fresh CortexUtils, New Cortex Analyzers

Ahead of the imminent release of Mellifera 12 (TheHive 2.12.0), a new, major (as in MAJOR) version of your (soon to be?) favorite Security Incident Response Platform, we’ve made rather significant changes to Cortex analyzers and released a new version of the CortexUtils Python library.

TL;DR

If you are in a hurry:

$ sudo pip install cortexutils --upgrade
$ cd where/your/analyzers/are
$ git pull master

Adjust the Cortex configuration for the new MISP 2.0 analyzer and for Hippocampe as shown below if you are using these analyzers then import the corresponding report templates into TheHive:

  • download the updated package
  • log in TheHive using an administrator account
  • go to Admin > Report templates menu
  • click on Import templates button and select the downloaded package

CortexUtils 1.2.0

CortexUtils has been updated to include a new function called build_taxonomy() which is required for analyzers relying on the Python library we released to make their development development easier.

Mini-Reports in The Observable Tabs

Starting from Mellifera 12 (TheHive 2.12.0), mini-reports will be displayed in the observable tab in each case as soon as an analysis has been completed. Now analyzers compute their short/mini reports and put them in the summary section of their JSON output, ready for consumption. TheHive 2.12.0 and up will no longer create them on-the-fly.

Taxonomy

The mini-reports of all the analyzers have been updated to comply with a taxonomy that is similar to the one we were already using for VirusTotal:  VT:Score="14/56”.  A “maliciousness” level was already included in TheHive’s analyzer templates and we used a specific color to display each level. This level is now produced directly by the analyzers:

  • info / blue: the analyzer produced an information, and the short report is shown in blue color in TheHive.
  • safe / green : the analyzer did not find anything suspicious or the analyzed observable is safe (according to the analyzer). TheHive displays the short report in green color.
  • suspicious / orange : the analyzer found that the observable is either suspicious or warrants further investigation. The short report is orange colored in TheHive.
  • malicious / red : the analyzer found that the observable is malicious. The short report is displayed by TheHive in red color as show below:

sc-short-VT.png

The short report is built with the summary() function of an analyzer. The build_taxonomy() of cortexutils mentioned earlier should help building it.

MISP 2.0

The MISP analyzer has been updated to version 2.0 and includes new functionality submitted by our long-term contributor Nils Kuhnert from CERT-Bund (thanks a heap!). Unlike the previous version, v 2.0 will let you search for an observable in multiple MISP servers at the same time.

The analyzer accepts a truckload of datatypes as input. To make it work, install the pymisp Python library. It should already have been installed if you are just updating your current analyzers. You will also have to change Cortex configuration file (application.conf) for this new version:

MISP {
 url=["https://mymispserver_1", "https://mymispserver_2"]
 key=["mykey_1", "mykey_2" ]
 certpath=["", ""]
 name=["MISP_SERVER_NAME_1", "MISP_SERVER_NAME_2"]
}

Important note: You have to adjust your existing configuration to match the one shown above. The certpath variable can be left blank if you are not using a self-signed certificate.

When called from TheHive, the following output is produced:

sc-short-MISP.png

sc-MISP-long.png
TheHive: MISP 2.0 Analyzer – Short and Long Report Samples

The short report will show the number of unique events found in all MISP servers while the long report will show information of each matching event in each MISP server.

CERTatPassiveDNS

The CERTatPassiveDNS analyzer is a new submission by Nils (thanks again). It lets you check the CERT.at PassiveDNS service for a given domain or hostname. It takes domains and FQDN as input.

Access to the CERT.at service is allowed to trusted partners only. If you think you qualify, please contact CERT.at. You do not need to add specific information into the Cortex configuration file to benefit from this analyzer as it calls the whois system command to perform the pDNS requests.

When called from TheHive, the following output is produced:

sc-certatpdns-short.png

 

sc-long-CERTatPassiveDNS_1_0.png
TheHive: CERTatPassiveDNS Analyzer – Short and Long Report Samples

 

Miscellaneous

The latest version of the Cortex-analyzers repository also include the following bug fixes and improvements:

Running Into Trouble?

Shall you encounter any difficulty, please join our  user forum, contact us on Gitter, or send us an email at support@thehive-project.org. We will be more than happy to help!

Correction: July 6, 2017 
An earlier version of this post mispelled Nils Kuhnert’s last name.

TheHive, Cortex and MISP: How They All Fit Together

TheHive, Cortex and MISP work nicely together and if you’ve read our June-Dec 17 roadmap post, the integration of our products with the de facto threat sharing platform will get better in a few months.

During the FIRST conference presentation we gave last week, we displayed a picture that we will use here to try to explain how these three open source and free products integrate with one another.

Screen Shot 2017-06-16 at 09.58.43.png
A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words…

TheHive

TheHive is a Security Incident Response Platform (SIRP). It can receive alerts from different sources (SIEM, IDS, email. etc.) via its REST API. This is where alert feeders come into play.

Alert Feeders

Think of an alert feeder as a specialized program which consumes a security event (SIEM alert, email report, IDS alert, and so on), parses it and outputs an alert that its sends to TheHive through TheHive4py, the Python library we provide to interact with TheHive’s REST API.

We do not supply such feeders but developing them should be straightforward. If not, let us know  and we’ll do our best to help you out.

Alerts

Any alert sent to TheHive will show up in its Alerts pane. In addition to the sources mentioned above, new or updated MISP events will show up as well in that area if you configured TheHive to connect to one or several MISP instances. If so, TheHive will poll those MISP instance(s) at every interval looking for new or updated events. If there are any, TheHive will generate an alert which will end up in the Alerts pane.

Screen Shot 2017-06-18 at 15.29.51.png
The Alerts Pane

Alerts can be ignored, mark as read, previewed and imported. When an alert is imported, it becomes a case that needs to be investigated.

Cases

workflow
The Workflow that is at the Heart of TheHive

A case can be generated from an alert or created from scratch. It is subdivided into tasks (think identification, containment, eradication, check proxy logs, and so on) and observables (IP addresses, hashes, email addresses, domain names, URLs…). When analysts are working on tasks, they add logs as they go. In TheHive’s terminology, logs are text entries which may contain attachments to help analysts record what they have been doing. Logs can be written using Markdown or a rich-text editor.

Case Templates

You don’t need to add the same tasks over and over when working on cases belonging to a given category (DDoS, Malspam, APT, …). You can create custom templates to which you add tasks as shown below. This is very useful when you are dealing with alerts so that when you import them, you can select which case template you’d like to apply and there you go!

Screen Shot 2017-06-16 at 10.26.22.png
A Sample Case Template
Observables

Observables can be tagged, flagged as IOCs, and analyzed. When the investigation is well in progress or completed, you may want to share the resulting IOCs or a subset of those with partners and peers. TheHive will support the ability to export that data to MISP in September 2017. Until then, you can still export your IOCs as text, CSV or as a MISP-compatible format that you can use to add them to your MISP instance using the freetext editor. TheHive can export IOCs/observables in protected (hxxps://www[.]somewhere[.]com/) or unprotected mode.

Every observable must have a TLP (Traffic Light Protocol) level. By default, any added observable is considered TLP:AMBER. Please note that the TLP is taken into account by some analyzers. Wait! Analyzers?

Cortex

Cortex is our standalone analysis engine and a perfect companion for TheHive and MISP. Analysts can use it to analyze observables using its Web UI, in which case they can be submitted only one at a time. The Web UI should really be limited to quick assessments of observables before creating a case in TheHive (or in an alternate SIRP). The power of Cortex really comes into play when you use its REST API. TheHive speaks natively to Cortex (as MISP does). Moreover, TheHive can leverage one or several Cortex servers.

Screen Shot 2017-06-18 at 15.57.27.png
Observable Page and List of Analyzers
Analyzers

As of this writing, Cortex has 23 analyzers which come in a total of 39 flavors and more will be available soon.

An analyzer can be written in any programming language supported by Linux though all of our current analyzers are written in Python. This is because we provide a Python library called Cortexutils which contains a set of utility classes that make it easier to write an analyzer in Python.

Flavors

Analyzers such as VirusTotal, PassiveTotal or DomainTools can provide different analysis services. Let’s take VirusTotal as an example. You can scan a file or URL. That’s one flavor. You can also obtain the latest available report on VirusTotal.com for a file, hash, domain or IP address. That’s a second flavor. So the VirusTotal analyzer has two flavors.

Screen Shot 2017-06-18 at 16.26.41.png

How about PassiveTotal? It has 8 flavors: unique resolutions lookup, SSL certificate history lookup, malware lookup, passive DNS lookup, data enrichment lookup, SSL certificate details lookup, OSINT lookup and WHOIS data lookup.

The MISP Search Analyzer

At this point, we need to mention a special analyzer that may create some confusion if not understood correctly: the MISP Search analyzer. Thanks to it, Cortex has the ability to search observables within a MISP instance as represented by the arrow that goes from the Analyzers to MISP.

Screen_Shot_2017-06-19_at_08_03_54.png
Search for MISP Events Containing a Given Observable

When an observable is found in an event, Cortex will return the number of records found (i.e. the number of events where the observable has been found) and a list of links to those events with additional data.

Screen_Shot_2017-06-19_at_08_13_16.png
Searching for a Hash Using the MISP Search Analyzer from the Cortex Web UI
Screen Shot 2017-06-19 at 08.17.04.png
The Same Search Conducted from TheHive: Long Report
Screen Shot 2017-06-19 at 08.18.58.png
Mini-Report

The current version of the MISP Search analyzer can only search within a single MISP instance but in the near future, it will be able to support multiple ones.

MISP Expansion Modules

Besides its own analyzers (which include MISP Search described above), Cortex can also invoke MISP expansion modules. These are normally used by MISP to enrich attributes within events but Cortex can also take advantage of them to analyze observables.

There is some overlap between the native Cortex analyzers and MISP expansion modules. When choosing between a native analyzer or an expansion module, we highly recommend you select the former. The expansion modules are deactivated in the default Cortex configuration.

Jobs

When you submit an observable for analysis, Cortex will create a job and, if successful, it will generate an analysis report in JSON format. TheHive has the ability to parse those results and present them in a human-friendly fashion thanks to report templates we offer for free. So when you’ll submit an observable to Cortex from TheHive, you’ll get back a short (or mini) report and a long one. The first can be thought of as a really tiny Exec Analyst Summary while the second provides more insight and details.

Calling Cortex from MISP

In addition to the expansion modules we have just mentioned, MISP 2.4.73 and up can enrich attributes using Cortex analyzers. The configuration is pretty straightforward. So if all you are concerned about is threat intelligence and sharing, you may augment your visibility into a given threat represented as a MISP event by leveraging all current 23 Cortex analyzers and any future ones.

Conclusion

TheHive, Cortex and MISP are three open source and free products that can highly aid you combat threats and keep the ‘monsters’ at bay.

TheHive, as a SIRP, allows you to investigate security incident swiftly in a collaborative manner. Several analysts can work simultaneously on tasks & cases . While cases can be created from scratch, TheHive can receive alerts from different sources thanks to alert feeders which consume security events generated by multiple sources and feed them into TheHive using TheHive4py Python library. TheHive can also sync to one or several MISP instances to receive new and updated events which will appear in the alert pane with all the other alerts generated by other sources. Analysts can then preview new alerts to decide whether they need to be acted upon. If so, they can transform them into investigation cases using templates.

To analyze the observables collected in the course of an investigation and/or imported from a MISP event, TheHive can rely on one or several Cortex analysis engines. Cortex is another standalone product that we have developed which sole purpose is to allow you to analyze observables at scale thanks to its large number of analyzers, MISP expansion modules and any analyzer you might have developed on the side. Cortex has a REST API that can be used to empower other security products such as  ‘analytics’ software, alternate SIRPs or MISP.

The highly popular threat sharing platform can indeed enrich attributes thanks to Cortex as it has a native integration with it. And in a few months, you will also be able to export cases from TheHive as MISP events that you can share with peers and partners.

If you do share, you do care about our collective mission to defend the  digital assets that are under our watch from harm. So let us fight together as one.

 

 

Mellifera 11.3 Released

A few days ago, we have been made aware of a bug in the way we pulled new or updated MISP events to inject them within Mellifera’s alerting panel. As a result, some events did not show up as intended. So you might have missed some of the action shared by peers and partners through MISP.

As true Frenchmen who care a lot about cuisine, TheHive Project’s Chefs went back to their code kitchen and figured out a more palatable recipe to make sure you won’t be left under the impression that you were seeing all new or updated MISP events while in fact you didn’t (we don’t want you to go too easy & lazy n’est-ce pas ?). Mellifera 11.3 (TheHive 2.11.3), a hotfix version has been released to that end and should fix the issue. Please note that you must use MISP 2.4.73 or better.

In addition, this new version of your favorite (or soon to be favorite) Security Incident Response Platform can be installed from a deb package on Ubuntu 16.04 without having to fiddle with OpenJDK. We have repackaged the software to avoid grabbing OpenJDK 9 (which TheHive does not support) and force the installation of version 8.

Finally, if an admin creates an empty case template, users can add tasks to it while previously this wasn’t possible.

Download & Get Down to Work

If you have an existing installation of TheHive, please follow the new migration guide.

If you are performing a fresh installation, read the installation guide corresponding to your needs and enjoy. Please note that you can install TheHive using an RPM or DEB package, deploy it using an Ansible script, use Docker, install it from a binary or build it from sources.

Support

Something does not work as expected? You have troubles installing or upgrading? No worries, please join our  user forum, contact us on Gitter, or send us an email at support@thehive-project.org. We are here to help.

 

TheHive: June-Dec 17 Roadmap

A new version of TheHive will be released by the end of June. We will take this opportunity to review our release naming and numbering from the ground up.

Months ago, we started giving ‘major’ versions (2.10, 2.11, …) the name of honey bee varieties. 2.10 was called Buckfast. 2.11, the current version, is called Mellifera. And we were supposed to give 2.12 yet another name. However, and after the few hiccups we’ve encountered with our QA as of late, we have decided to change things around in order to make sure new releases are as stable and well-maintained as you should expect them to be.

Starting from the next release (2.12), we will abide by the following numbering scheme:

  • Major versions == X (2, 3, …)
  • Minor versions = X.Y (2.12, 2.13, 3.1, …)
  • Hotfix/maintenance versions = X.Y.Z (2.12.1, 2.13.2, 3.1.1, …)

Only major versions will have corresponding honey bee names. So long as we stay with v2, we’ll keep calling all the minor versions Mellifera N (2.12.0 = Mellifera 12). Version 3 will be called Cerana.

Mellifera 12 – June 29, 2017 (planned date)

Mellifera 12 (v 2.12) will succeed to Mellifera 2 (the current version) to comply with the new naming scheme. It will allow you to see how similar new alerts are to existing cases so you can decide whether you import them into an existing case, create a new one or ignore them altogether. Mellifera 12 will show you the status of all the related cases (#229) to the one you are working on. Finally, you’ll have the ability to change the default case template before importing an alert.

M12 will also support custom fields (#12), a feature that has been requested by numerous users. This version will also add mini-reports to the Observables tab. That way, once a Cortex analysis has been completed, analysts will be able to view part or all the resulting short report in that tab instead of having to navigate to the page of each observable to read the short report.

Mellifera 13 – September 14, 2017

TheHive 2.13 should be the last Mellifera version. It will complete TheHive’s integration with MISP by adding the ability to export all observables or a subset of them to a MISP instance. Please note that TheHive allowed you from the start to import events from multiple MISP instances but since sharing is caring, we wanted to add the ability to export to this very popular threat sharing platform from your Security Incident Response Platform (SIRP). We do not want to rush it though.

Cerana – October 12, 2017

Cerana or TheHive 3.0.0 will bring a complete UI overhaul to make it even easier to work on cases, perform analysis and get your job done, after the interface refreshments Mellifera brought. It will lay the ground for some nifty features we have in mind.

Cerana 1 – November 15, 2017

TheHive 3.1.0 will include dynamic dashboards: the ability to work with the statistics and metrics the way you want and generate customized dashboards to help you drive your activities.

Keep an eye on TheHive’s milestones on GitHub. There are other features and enhancements that we might add as we progress and we will reflect them on that page.

Correction: June 12, 2017
An earlier version mentioned GitHub issue #36 as pertaining to custom fields while it is a request for globally-defined tags that an analyst can choose from.